Part II: The Period Subsequent to Measures

But what about retrospectively? Has there actually been a worrisome pandemic for some reason or other which justifies the policies put in place, even if no virus has been identified?

Conclusions about the post-measure period must remain prudent because policies akin to the worst forms of coercion described in the 1973 Amnesty International Report on Torture[1] must have had an effect. Moreover as no part of the world has been totally immune from them, if only because of the absence of international travel or of the closure of educational establishments and businesses, there is no control group, so to speak. What follows is just a preliminary gist, which requires further examination once we can consider the current events with some distance, and more information is available.