Appendix: Tables

Table 1

Selected European countries Difference between expected mortality in 2020 and actual mortality (per 100 000 people) taking 2015 as the reference year (approximated to the nearest integer).
Bulgaria 223
Poland 122
Romania 112
Czechia 98
England & Wales 92
Slovenia 79
Belgium, Italy 77
Spain 62
Portugal 48
Hungary 42
Netherlands 34
Lithuania 8
Luxembourg, Slovakia 3
Austria -4
Croatia -10
Sweden -18
Greece -24
Denmark, France metropolitan, Malta -25
Germany -26
Latvia -30
Cyprus -32
Iceland -38
Finland -51
Estonia -53
Norway -61

 

 

In the following tables, r= regional p=partial, v=voluntary, i.e. stay at home (lockdowns) for the general population recommended but not enforced, v-v: stay at home for the vulnerable, i.e. risk groups, recommended but not enforced

Table 2

Selected European countries Weeks (between w1-52) when the crASMR (per 100,000 people) was higher in 2020 than in 2015-2019 and the average excess rate for that period Weeks when the ASMR (per 100,000 people) was higher in 2020 than in 2015 and the average excess rate for that period Lockdowns with number of days
Spain W13-52: 8.9 W12-19: 8.9

w31-52: 1.7

14/3-3/5, 22/10-3/12

18/12-n/a (50+42+17?)

V: 9/3-13/3

v, p: 4/5-11/5, 25/10-n/a

Poland W43-52: 7.4 W25: 0.1

w31:1.8

w34:1.7

W37-53: 9.7

14/11-n/a (48?)

V: 19/4-4/5

V-v: 8/3-n/a

U.K. W15-52: 4.9 W14-22: 9.3

w42-53: 1.9

24/3-9/5. 5/11-1/12, 20/12- (46+25+12)

V-v: 16/3-5/7; 5/11-1/12

v-v, p: 6/7-1/8

Belgium W15-52: 4.4 W13-19: 7.7

w31: 0.3

w33-34: 4.65

W43-53: 5.6

18/3-9/5 (52)

V, P: 10/5-31/8, 16/10-n/a

Italy W13-44: 3.6

w45-52: not known

W11-17: 5.8

w26: 0.2

w34: 0.2

w43-44: 1.95

w45-53: not known

10/3-4/5 (55)

r & p: 22/10-3/12

p: 5/11-n/a

V: 26/10-4/11

V-v: 4/3-n/a

Bulgaria W47-52: 6.2 W20: 0.4

w27: 3.6

w34-35: 0.45

w37: 1.1

W40-53: 14.4

Czechia W44-51: 5.3

w52: not known

W25: 0.9

w31: 1.5

w34: 1.2

W38-51: 9.6

w52-53: not known

16/3-24/4 (37)
Slovenia W46-51: 4.6

w52: not known

W21: 1.4

w24-27: 1.4

w31:0.5

W36-51: 6.9

w52-53: not known

19/3-4/5 (46)
Hungary W49-52: 4.2 W31: 2.3

w34: 0.6

w37: 0.1

W39-52: 7.5

w53: not known

27/3-18/5 (52)

p: 4/11-

V: 21/3-26/3

Austria W45-52: 3.5 W14-15: 1.35

w22: 0.1

w25: 0.5

W36-53: 3.9

16/3-30/4 (44)

V: 10/3-15/3

Netherlands W15-52: 2.2 W12-18: 6.2

w33-34: 1.95

w42-53: 3.2

v: 18/3-10/5, 15/12-

v, p.: 11/5-01/6, 4/11-14/12

V-r: 13/3-26/6

France W16-24: 0.4

w44-52: 1.7

W12-17: 3.5

w33: 0.8

w38: 0.4

w43-53: 2.4

17/3-11/5, 28/10-14/12, 15/12- (55+47+17)

p: 12/5-2/6, 15/12-

r & p: 17/10-28/10

Romania W45-49: 2.3

w50-52: not known

W26-27: 1.9

W31-48: 5.2

w49-53: not known

P: 22/3-13/5, 14/11-n/a

V-v: 25/3-14/5

Portugal W35-52: 1.7 W13-19:1.9

w21-22: 1.3

w26-32: 2.5

w34-38: 0.96

w41-53: 3.4

V: 19/3-2/5

V-v: 18/3-2/5

Lithuania W50-52: 1.9 W24: 1.3

w26: 2.4

w29: 0.7

w34: 3.5

w37: 1.3

w41: 0.7

W45-53: 6.7

16/12- (16)

V: 16/3-16/6, 7/11-15/12

Sweden W17-52: 1.3 W14-21: 3.5

w23: 0.3

w26: 0.4

w46-52: 2.4

V-v: 1/4-22/10
Malta W48-52: 1.7 W1: 0.9

w4: 0.3

w12: 2.2

w16: 4.2

w18-20: 1.3

w29: 1.8

w34: 7

w36: 0.4

w38-41: 3.3

w43-52: 3.9

V-v: 28/3-n/a
Luxembourg W48-49: 0.5

w50-52: not known

W12-13: 1.5

w15-21: 1.4

w30-32: 2.3

w36: 0.9

w38: 2.1

w40: 2.7

w42-43: 2.3

W45-49: 6.7

w50-53: not known

18/3-19/4 (32)

p: 20/4-11/5, 30/10-n/a

V-v: 12/3-n/a

Iceland W1-7: 0.3

w10: 0.1

W2-4: 0.4

w10: 1.2

w14-17: 2.2

w28-29: 2.3

w35-36: 0.5

w38: 1.1

w41-42: 5.6

w44-46: 3.5

w49: 1.6

w52: 3.8

V-v: 16/3-n/a
Greece

w50-52: not known

W20-21: 0.9

w26-27: 1.9

w34: 0.4

W38-40: 0.9

w46-49: 3.6

w50-53: not known

23/3-4/5 (42)

p: 7/11-n/a

V: 27/2-22/3

V-v: 13/3-n/a

Croatia

w49-52: not known

W26: 0.4

w31: 1.8

w34:0.3

w37: 0.4

w39-40: 1

W42-48: 5.5

w49-53: not known

V: 17/3-5/5

V-v: 3/3-n/a

Latvia W18-19:1.55

w24:3.1

w27:0.7

w34-35: 0.55

w40:2.9

w45-51: 2.9

w53: 8.1

P: 24/12-

V: 17/3-11/5

v, p: 12/5-10/6

Slovakia

w49-52: not known

W31:1.4

w37:0.2

w40-48: 4.3

w49-53 not known

Cyprus

w52: not known

W14: 1.5

W20-23: 4.1

w27: 2

w35: 0.4

w37: 0.8

w40-41: 2.25

w43: 0.9

w45: 1

w49: 1.6

w50-53: not known

24/3-3/5 (40)
Estonia W17-19: 0.9

w26: 1.1

w28-31: 1.6

w35-36: 0.75

w38-39: 1.1

w43: 0.5

w47-50: 1.6

w52-53: 4.1

V: 12/3-15/5
Denmark W17: 1.3

w26: 0.1

w29: 0.4

w36: 0.3

w38: 1

w47: 0.3

w50-53: 2.7

V-v: 14/3-n/a
Finland W18: 0.5

w20: 0.8

w25: 0.1

w29: 0.4

w37: 0.9

w39: 1

w44: 1.2

w47: 0.6

V-v: 16/3-22/6

v-v, p: 23/6- n/a

Norway W18: 0.3

w30-31: 0.3

w37: 0.4

V: 9/11-

V-v:12/3-1/6

Table 3

Selected European countries Difference between 2021 and 2019 mortality per 100,000 people for the first 20 weeks Mandatory lockdowns in 2021 5G availability (% time)[1]
England and Wales 381 20/12/20-11/4/21 (113) 5.6
Bulgaria 196
Slovakia 193 30/12/20-28/02 (61)
Czechia 155 18/12/20-11/04/21 (115)
Poland 148 11.9
Hungary 113 P: 04/11-04/06
Latvia 104 4/12/20-07/02/21 (45)
Estonia 101
Lithuania 88 16/12/20-31/03/21 (106)
Portugal 74 15/01-na
France 32 P: 15/12-na 10.8
Spain 30 5.3
Netherlands 28 P: 23/01-na 15.3
Slovenia 19
Austria 18 17/11/20-07/02/21 (83) 8.8
Sweden 13
Finland 2 12.1
Denmark -2
Belgium -5
Croatia -17
Norway -22
Luxembourg -28

Table 4

Country 5G deployment in 2020 Week from which mortality is constantly greater than the same period in 2018
Bulgaria[2] Late Sep. w43
Slovenia[3] 18/08/21 w40
Poland[4] [5] [6] mid-May, essentially early June-July w32
Romania[7] [8] 24/8 (full coverage, Bucharest) w41
Hungary[9] [10] 14/4-22/5 (reaches 22 premises) w42
Czechia[11] July (16% pop. Central Prague and Koline), early Oct. (5 main cities) w38
Croatia[12] Late Oct. (6 major cities, 18% pop.)

By end of 2020, plan to cover 25% pop.

w37
Slovakia[13] 8/10 (4 districts of Bratislava),

11/12 (8 districts)

w42
Austria[14] [15] 25/01/21 w41
Belgium[16] 01/06/20 in Flanders w42
Luxembourg[17] Mid-Oct. w43
Sweden[18] End May-June, 30/10 w46
Spain[19] Expansion 9/20 (in all big cities) w27
Norway[20] 15/3, 13/5, 11/20: commercial launches

1/7: 5G roaming between Norway, Sweden, Finland

Finland[21] by 5/20: available in 23 locations

11/20: expansion

w47-51
Estonia[22] 12/11/20: expansion w45
Denmark[23] 8/9, 17/12: launches w45
Latvia 1/20: launch w45-w51
Netherlands[24] late 7/ 2020: launch

By end 10/20: 90% of pop. reached

W39, higher rise w44
  1. https://www.opensignal.com/2021/06/04/benchmarking-the-5g-experience-emea-june2021
  2. https://5gobservatory.eu/market-developments/5g-services/
  3. https://www.eenewseurope.com/news/slovenias-5g-upgrade-takes-just-one-week
  4. https://www.thefastmode.com/services-and-innovations/17085-polands-plus-launches-commercial-5g-network-over-2-6-ghz-tdd-band-with-ericsson
  5. https://www.capacitymedia.com/articles/3825666/t-mobile-switches-on-5g-services-in-poland
  6. https://www.commsupdate.com/articles/2020/06/05/orange-plans-poland-5g-launch-on-1-july/
  7. https://emerging-europe.com/business/romania-becomes-site-of-oranges-first-commercial-5g-service/
  8. https://www.romania-insider.com/orange-full-5g-coverage-bucharest
  9. https://dailynewshungary.com/5g-has-arrived-to-hungary/
  10. https://www.commsupdate.com/lists/country/hungary/
  11. https://5gobservatory.eu/5g-launches-in-czech-republic/
  12. https://5gobservatory.eu/ht-launches-5g-in-croatia/
  13. https://www.commsupdate.com/lists/country/slovakia/
  14. https://5gobservatory.eu/t-mobile-austria-launches-5g-for-friendly-customers/
  15. https://metropole.at/5g-comes-to-austria/
  16. https://www.capacitymedia.com/articles/3825611/proximus-starts-5g-in-belgium-but-just-in-dutch-speaking-areas
  17. https://www.igen.fr/telecoms/2020/10/la-5g-arrive-au-luxembourg-118343
  18. https://www.commsupdate.com/lists/country/sweden/
  19. https://www.commsupdate.com/lists/country/spain/
  20. https://www.commsupdate.com/lists/country/norway/
  21. https://www.commsupdate.com/lists/country/finland/
  22. https://www.commsupdate.com/lists/country/estonia/
  23. https://www.commsupdate.com/lists/country/denmark/
  24. https://www.commsupdate.com/lis